Tamimi was indicted on multiple counts of assaulting law enforcement officers, using a slingshot to hurl stones at Israeli soldiers, and incitement to commit suicide attacks.
These charges "highlight that these court proceedings have nothing to do with seeking justice or enforcing their laws", Mariam Barghouti, a local journalist and activist told Al Jazeera.
"In capturing an unarmed teenage girl's assault on two armed soldiers wearing protective gear, the footage of this incident shows that she posed no actual threat and that her punishment is blatantly disproportionate", the statement published on the Amnesty International website continued.
Martina Anderson has said there is a "responsibility" on Minister Coveney to act and demand the release of Ahed Tamimi and the hundreds of Palestinian children now imprisoned by Israel.
Relatives say that a member of the Tamimi family was wounded in the head by a rubber bullet fired during those protests. Nour was released on bail on January 5.
Nour is charged with allegedly assaulting a soldier and interfering with a soldier's duties.
Under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which Israel is a state party, the arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child must be used only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time.
The young girl has achieved global notoriety and has become the focus of a heated propaganda war between Israel and Palestinians protesting the occupation of the West Bank.
Heeran noted that she was arrested from her home in the middle of the night, interrogated without a relative or lawyer present, and is now held outside the occupied territories in what he said contravenes global humanitarian law.
Since 2009, the small village of Nabi Saleh, north-west of Ramallah in the occupied West Bank, has been the scene of regular Friday protests against Israel's military occupation, the theft of land and the loss of the community's water source.
The Tamimi case has also trained a spotlight on Israel's detention of hundreds of Palestinian minors. The arrest occurred in the middle of the night, about a week after the incident.
"If these self-described "human rights organizations" had any credibility they would condemn the systematic incitement and weaponization of children promoted in Palestinian society", Hirsch said.
The case has come to embody rival, grievance-filled Palestinian and Israeli narratives at a time of overwhelming mutual distrust and skepticism about the chances of ending the long-running conflict.
Seventeen Palestinians and one Israeli have been killed in the tumult that has resulted from President Trump's December 6 announcement.
Finally, Lasky cited a recent decision by the IDF West Bank Appeals Court to free Tamimi's cousin, Nur Tamimi, pending her trial, noting that Nur was involved in the same mid-December videotaped incident. The judges and the prosecution in these cases are part of the Israeli military.