The Syrian foreign ministry said the US-led strikes would only "lead to inflaming tensions in the world" and threaten worldwide security.
As the prospect of US -led military action that could lead to confrontation with Russian Federation hung over the Middle East, the White House accused Syria of staging a toxic gas assault on April 7 that killed dozens of people in Douma, near Damascus.
Senior lawmakers in the State Duma, which is dominated by Kremlin loyalists, said they had prepared the list ranging from food and alcohol to medicine and consulting services in response to Washington's move last week.
Russian President Vladimir Putin listens during a meeting with Health Minister Veronika Skvortsova and Alexander Bastrykin, the head of Russia's Investigative Committee, in Moscow on March 28, 2018.
Syria and Russian Federation have denied that the attacks happened and said they were staged by the White Helmets so that the Syrian government could be blamed.
When Syrian President Bashar al-Assad forces launched a chemical weapons attack against civilian targets past year, Trump was horrified by the deaths of "beautiful little babies" and quickly ordered a missile strike against a Syrian government airfield, although he listened to top military advisers and chose to minimize Russian and other casualties.
The decision to strike, after days of deliberations, marked Trump's second order to attack Syria; he authorized a barrage of Tomahawk cruise missiles to hit a single Syrian airfield in April 2017 in retaliation for Assad's use of sarin gas against civilians.
More: Russia just blamed Britain for Syria chemical attack.
President Donald Trump is set to address the nation Friday night amid anticipation of a retaliatory strike for an apparent Syrian chemical weapon attack last week.
Iran has also been supportive of the Assad regime.
A Syrian military statement says the U.S., Britain and France fired 110 missiles during a joint attack on targets in Damascus and outside. "The immediate priority is to avert the danger of war". Explosions lit up the skies over Damascus, the Syrian capital, as Trump announced the airstrikes from the White House.
Syria's Foreign Ministry earlier said the attack coincides with the arrival of a fact-finding mission from the global chemical weapons watchdog to inspect the site of the alleged attack in the town of Douma, and "aims to hinder its work".
"We expect the mission to go without any delay to Douma where Russian specialists who examined this place have not found any confirmations of the use of chemical weapons", he said.
US officials suspect the Russia-backed Assad regime is behind the attack.
France's defense minister says its joint military operation with the USA and Britain against Syria targeted three sites and that Russian Federation was informed ahead of time.
Western powers are thought to be preparing for strikes but Syria's ally Russian Federation opposes such action, the BBC reported on Friday.