STD Rate In California Hits New High: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Worst Culprits

A table depicts the number of gonorrhea cases reported in L.A. County from 2012 to 2017

A table depicts the number of gonorrhea cases reported in L.A. County from 2012 to 2017

California is in the midst of a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) epidemic, and it's so bad that the number of stillbirths due to syphilis has reached a 20-year high, U.S. News & World Report is reporting.

CDPH noted that 2017 was the "fifth consecutive year for increases in the number of infants born with congenital syphilis", and that there were 278 congenital syphilis cases, including 30 stillbirths, in California last year.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith.

Sexually active people of the Northwest: Get tested.

Klausner placed much of the blame for the overall STD spike on what he called the "decimation" of public health infrastructure since the 2008 financial crisis. That is a 45 percent increase compared to five years ago.

Chlamydia can be transmitted by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, affecting both men and women.




Bauer also suggested the rise in STDs may be a symptom of more general problems in areas such as the economically hard-hit San Joaquin Valley where people are struggling with poverty, substance abuse, mental health issues and homelessness.

Chlamydia can damage the female reproductive system, reducing or completely blocking their ability to get pregnant in the future. Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates are highest among people under 30. Young women suffer the most with chlamydia.

Sexually transmitted diseases can cause serious health problems.

Common among young people aged 15-24, gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. Discharge, bleeding between periods, swollen testicles are some of the symptoms of gonorrhea. It can occur after direct contact with a syphilis sore during sexual intercourse.

If chlamydia and gonorrhoea are left untreated then it can result in infertility, chorionic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy. Additionally, an infected mother can spread syphilis to her unborn baby.

Early syphilis, which includes the primary, secondary and early latent stages of the disease, reached the highest number of cases since 1987, the agency found. Los Angeles County alone saw congenital syphilis cases jump from eight in 2013 to 47 past year. The syphilis rate for African-Americans were two times higher. According to health officials, STDs are largely curable and can be easily prevented by taking measures to practice safe sex.

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