Suicidal Thoughts, Attempts On The Rise Among Young People: 'It's A Critical Public-Health Crisis Right Now'

Why Suicide Attempts Are More in Adolescents

Suicide

Plemmons added, "particularly in a time when mental health resources for children appear to be static, and woefully scarce across the U.S".

The study had taken inputs from various sources such as the hospital records.

Plemmons said, "The growing impact of mental health issues in paediatrics on hospitals and clinics can no longer be ignored".

NBC News noted half of the suicide-related hospital encounters involved teens aged 15 to 17; 37 percent were 12 to 14; nearly 13 percent were children aged 5 to 11 years.




In-Depth [cross-sectional study]: Researchers used clinical and billing data from 31 children's hospitals in the United States within the Pediatric Health Information System database to identify 115 856 encounters (emergency department, inpatient, and intensive care unit) for SI and SA between 2008 and 2015 based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) codes. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt. Children aged 12-14 represented 37 percent of the events, while about 13 percent accounted for children between 5 and 11. Increases were most prominent among girls and adolescents aged 12-17 years.

There was a significant average annual increase in these types of encounters (average annual increase 0.16 percentage points, 95% CI 0.15-0.17, P 0.001). The researchers also found that around two-thirds of those encounters were girls. They suggested "age- and sex-specific approaches to suicide screening and prevention". "Some people have theorized that social media is playing a role", There are also differences based on the gender of the kids. More specifically, the month of October saw twice as many suicide-related hospitalizations as those in July.

Characterizing this as "the most striking variation" of the study, they cited only one other study that found "a correlation between the risk of [suicide ideation and suicide attempts] among children and adolescents during the academic school year". Rates were lowest in summer, a season which has historically seen the highest numbers in adults, suggesting that youth may face increased stress and mental health challenges when school is in session. "With our findings, we underscore the need for future work to explore the relationship between school and suicidal ideation".

Plemmons and co-authors disclosed no relevant relationships with industry.

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