The U.S. Treasury imposed sanctions on three Russian individuals and five firms on Monday, saying they had worked with Moscow's main intelligence service on ways to conduct cyber attacks against the United States and its allies.
Treasury officials noted that Russia's destabilizing cyber activities have included unleashing the destructive NotPetya computer worm, cyber penetrations of the US energy grid to enable potential future sabotage, and global compromises of network devices such as routers and switches that also could enable potential disruptive cyber attacks.
Steve Mnuchin, the Treasury Secretary, said the United States was "engaged in an ongoing effort to counter malicious actors working at the behest of the Russian Federation and its military and intelligence units to increase Russia's offensive cyber capabilities".
The three people named - Aleksandr Tribun, Oleg Chirikov and Vladimir Kaganskiy - reportedly have ties to Divetechnoservices, a company that allegedly specialises in hacking into undersea communications cables.
The move is in response to alleged Russian cyber-attacks on the US.
Mnuchin said the U.S.is committed to "aggressively targeting" anyone aiding the FSB, saying the USA would do so under the 2017 sanctions law, known as the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).
Mr Mnuchin said Digital Security provided material and support to Russia's Federal Security Services (FSB), and that Divetechnoservices supplied underwater equipment and diving systems, including a submarine, for Russian government agencies.
While the Trump administration has time and again vocally supported the Russian government, including recently advocating for its inclusion in the G7, President Donald Trump did sign on a new Russian sanctions bill last summer.
The U.S. Treasury has announced fresh sanctions on Russian citizens and companies suspected of links with Moscow's security and cyberattack forces.
Embedi has found a lot of vulnerabilities in products from Microsoft, Intel and Cisco among others - but has disclosed them in the same way any other security research company does. No mention of their affiliation with Digital Security could be readily found on either of their web sites. Visit MarketWatch.com for more information on this news.
"One of the owners of ERPScan is also a DSEC owner, but companies are not subsidiaries, they are different", Polyakov told BleepingComputer.
Updated 6/11/18 15:35 EST: Updated article with statement from ERPScan CTO & Founder Alexander Polyakov. "We will continue helping protect critical SAP and Oracle software from cyberattacks as we did, and it doesn't matter what has happened".